Do you have a cold? What about the flu? Or is it allergies? With similar upper respiratory symptoms including stuffy nose, sore throat and cough, knowing how to differentiate can help you get better, faster.
A telltale sign that you are suffering from allergies is your mucus. Although it’s gross to think about, look at what’s in your tissue – if it’s clear, instead of yellow or green, it’s likely allergies. This time of year, irritants such as dust, mold and pollen get stirred up from their resting place and hop on the wind superhighway straight into your immune system!
The common cold usually lasts about a week and presents more moderate symptoms than the flu, although a cold can still be debilitating. Symptoms associated with a cold are typically mild and follow a daily schedule:
- Days 1 – 2: Fatigue, sneezing, sore throat
- Days 3 – 5: Nasal symptoms and cough
- Days 6 – 7: Symptoms lessen
Fevers are not common, but possible, especially in children. Another hallmark distinction between the common cold and other illnesses is watery nasal discharge that becomes thicker and darker as the illness progresses.
The sudden onset of fever, body aches, cough, fatigue, chills, and night sweats are prominent symptoms of the flu. The fever may reach above 101 degrees and could last around 3-4 days – although not everyone with the flu develops a fever. Other symptoms can include nasal congestion, sneezing, sore throat and loss of appetite. Recovery from the flu can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. Complications from the flu include dehydration, pneumonia, sinus infections and bronchitis, among other illnesses. The flu may also worsen chronic medical conditions like diabetes, asthma, COPD and heart failure.
Prevention of Viral Illnesses
The number one way to prevent contracting the flu is to receive the flu vaccination. There’s a common misconception that it’s possible for the flu vaccine to give you the flu virus. That isn’t possible because there is no active virus within the flu vaccination. Your immune system reacts to the vaccination as if it is the flu, creating antibodies against the real flu virus.
To prevent infecting others, make sure to cover your nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing. You should also avoid contact with sick people and stay home if you are feeling unwell yourself. Hand washing is key to preventing the spread of viral illnesses. If you find yourself in a situation where washing your hands isn’t feasible, hand sanitizer is a great alternative.
Treatment of Viral Illnesses
Visit a healthcare provider to determine if you are suffering from a cold, the flu or allergies. If you find yourself with a common cold or fall victim to the dreaded flu virus, it is best to rest and drink plenty of fluids. To alleviate some of your symptoms, you can take over the counter medications such as ibuprofen, Tylenol and cough medicine. Antiviral medications, such as Tamiflu, may also be prescribed by a medical provider for those suffering from the flu. These medications can ease the symptoms and decrease the length of the illness but are generally most effective when taken within 48 hours of the onset of flu symptoms.
It’s crucial to keep in mind that not every person is the same and illnesses can manifest themselves in a variety of ways depending on your individual immune system. This means that although you don’t have all the symptoms of an illness, you may still have it. If you are concerned about your health or a loved one’s for any reason, it is important to seek care.
ClearChoiceMD Urgent Care knows your stuffy nose. If you are unsure how to treat a cold, the flu or allergies, visit your nearest ClearChoiceMD Urgent Care! All ClearChoiceMD Urgent Care locations will be offing no-cost flu shots during the month of October. We are here to get you feeling better, faster seven days a week, no appointment necessary – just walk in!